TCC achieves this by working on the 'whole CJS system'. This does not just mean investigation, prosecution and sentencing, but includes crime avoidance, prevention and reduction, rehabilitation and reduced re-offending. It also means tackling the demand side of the ‘demand / supply equation - a vital counter-balance to the more conventional approach of focusing on the ‘supply side’ only.
The TCC approach treats CJS system improvement as a prime opportunity to improve collaboration, be more citizen-focused, capture synergies and improve managerial decision-making across the many agencies dealing with crime in the UK. TCC applies system thinking to the design of the whole system, across all the agencies which are involved in service delivery, and uses an evidence-based approach to inform new designs and working practices. These are based in a shared purpose, that is itself informed by the needs of the service user, and the knowledge, experience and know-how of operational people actually working current systems.
The nature of the challenge
Whether we consider serious acquisitive crime, re-offending rates, the prison population or the never-ending 'war on drugs', the crime scene in the UK and its ongoing problems suggest that conventional approaches to tackling crime in the UK are less than satisfactory. Pressure on costs simply makes positive action more difficult to arrange and manage. Consider:
- Violent crime alone costs the UK economy more than £24 billion a year or 7.7% of the UK’s GDP. This equates to £4,700 for every household.
- Crime associated with illegal drugs is estimated to account for between one third and one half of all crime in the UK.
- Moreover, the full social costs, emotional, damaged services, disruption, etc are beyond measurement.